We have studied social class and income mobility trajectories over a seven-year period using PaD data and a longitudinal sample of 1,294 individuals aged between 19 and 58 in 2003, who we followed until 2009. The representative sample for 2009 uses the same respondents for whom we have 2003 data.
The Fundació Jaume Bofill’s Panel on Social Inequality in Catalonia (PaD) is the only panel survey on social structure that exists in Southern Europe that allows longitudinal studies to be done on respondents’ social, family, employment or educational trajectories. This research is significant and unique due to its longitudinal nature, which allows us to follow the trajectories of the same individuals surveyed by the PaD between 2003 and 2009. It thus fills a knowledge gap as it is the first longitudinal research conducted on social structure in Catalonia.
• The main purpose of our research is to measure class and income trajectory mobility from 2003 to 2009 and to identify the risk and likelihood of upward and downward mobility and social vulnerability during this period.
• A second purpose was to find out the extent to which education has become stronger in this current economic crisis as a hierarchical determinant of security, power and status, confirming a new knowledge gap in society. In previous research, we had already discovered that the “education” factor was one of the main criteria in social division and segmentation.
In terms of methodology, as well as using bivariate statistics and mobility matrices, we chose to use logit regression analysis and generate probability tables using the estimated models of upward mobility, immobility, downward mobility and social vulnerability as experienced between 2003 and 2009. The research that we are publishing begins by putting the 2003 to 2012 period into context, identifying job creation and destruction in an opening chapter entitled “The social impact of the economic and financial crisis” that was produced using secondary sources.
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